What is monkey pox and how does it affect me in Melbourne?

Covid-19, the super cold and the flu – Australians have really been hit by the trifecta of nasty diseases, and now we can add monkeypox to the list. You may have a severe case of fatigue from an exotic disease and want to know nothing about this development, but in light of the statement from the World Health Organization a global health emergencyfeels like maybe we should get to know this zoonosis illness a little better.

What is this whole monkey thing anyway?

In reality, monkeypox is not new to all. Scientists discover this contagious smallpox virus for the first time in a colony of Asian monkeys in Copenhagen way back in 1958, when it presented for the first time with a child in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was characterized by its pimple-like rash of pimples on hard-to-see areas (e.g. genitals, anal region and also over your face, arms and legs), fever, pain, headache, swollen lymph nodes, chills and exhaustion. This virus has a low mortality rate, but is very dangerous for pregnant women, young children, the elderly and immunocompromised individuals, causing secondary infections that have proved fatal.

Monkeypox, a younger and less lethal cousin of the smallpox virus, has spread rapidly across central and western Africa since the 1970s, and now endemic in ten African countries. African scientists have been warning of the dangers of monkeypox for years because of the plight of these nations, but unfortunately the West has failed to give this disease much or no faith.

That is, until now.

Do I have to worry?

As with all things, panic doesn’t help anyone. Monkeypox is not as contagious as Covid-19, because it is only transferred by close skin-to-skin contact with someone who is symptomatic. Unlike respiratory diseases, it has been found to be spread through sex, direct contact with someone who is symptomatic, or contaminated clothing, bedding, or towels. From July 2022there are 16,593 confirmed cases of monkeypox in 68 countries that have never previously reported having had monkeypox, as well as five dead. Only in Victoria16 cases of monkey pox have been recorded since July 24, 2022.

Is someone doing something about it?

The WHO has a PHEIC . explained (Public Health Emergency of International Concern), which revolves around legally mobilizing international cooperation to tackle the spread. This is the highest alarm the WHO can lead to disease (it happened with) *you know what*including Ebola and Polio) and calls for better contact tracing, number testing and isolation measures to prevent it from taking root in the rest of the world like in Africa.

rich countries, like Australia, have raced to bolster stocks of the smallpox vaccine, which has been proven to be highly effective against the virus as it contains the same variants. When smallpox was completely eradicated in 1980, people stopped receiving the vaccine – a move that had serious consequences for people in Central and West Africa who have been exposed to monkey pox, leaving them no longer protected against it. The same is true for us in the West, although some countries have kept a small stock of the smallpox vaccine, in case that. Scientists in Africa have expressed concern that despite them, they will lag behind the insane vaccine rollout in the West have suffered the most with this disease for more than four decades.

What should I do now?

First of all, stay calm. Second, stay sanitized. Third, keep track of any symptoms you have, get tested, and isolate until symptoms clear up. And finally, just stay informed of health advice from authorities. If we did it once, we can do it again folks.

All is not lost.

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